4 Mistakes We Make In The First 24 Hours Of A Medical Emergency

Mistake #1—Not asking questions before calling 911
People fall into two categories when crisis strikes, Michelson says: not dialing 911 soon enough, or calling when it’s not necessary. Walking through these questions, whether it’s you or someone else who’s in trouble, he says, will help you determine the right next step.

- How old is the injured person? If they’re very young or very old, it’s better to call 911.

- Is the person in poor health in addition to this situation? The more underlying health issues a person has, the more you should err on the side of calling an ambulance.

- What body part seems to be the trouble? “If the problem is in the torso, close to vital organs, or if you suspect a head injury, that should trigger a call to 911,” Michelson says. Limb injuries are less likely to be critical, and the same goes for cuts and abrasions, which can generally be handled by an urgent care clinic.

- Is your local ambulance service volunteer or paid? If it’s volunteer and you’re able to get to the hospital on your own (with a friend or family member driving), that’s probably your best option. Volunteer services, where the providers generally aren’t based at a firehouse or hospital and have to be called in when a 911 request arrives, are typically slower than paid programs, whose paramedics are ready and waiting.

Mistake #2—Settling for the closest ER
You know that not all emergency rooms are created equal, but it’s easier than you may think to pinpoint the best one in your area, and that’s something you should do before a crisis comes up. “Hospitals are graded as trauma centers, from level 1 to 5, with 1 being the best,” Michelson says. “A level 1 trauma center —> Read More

Sea Turtles Wear Poop-Collecting Swimsuits For Research

How do researchers collect fecal samples from endangered sea turtles? They throw swimsuits and diapers on them and wait until they poop, obviously.

When faced with a poop-collecting predicament during a Ph.D. research project, two researchers with the University of Queensland’s School of Biological Sciences used old rash guards purchased at a thrift store to fashion custom-made swimsuits for the loggerhead turtles.

Owen Coffee, a Ph.D. student, was researching how to better protect the endangered species by understanding their feeding habits and locating their foraging areas.

At first, he and Carmen da Silva, a university researcher, kept the six wild loggerhead sea turtles in seawater tanks at UQ’s Moreton Bay Research Station and waited until they defecated, but “it was challenging to collect the entire fecal sample once it dispersed into the water,” Coffee said in a press release.

The swimsuits, Coffee told HuffPost, were designed to act as a harness for an existing device known as a “nappy” (Aussie slang for diaper), which fits over the turtle’s tail and collects fecal samples.

The “nappy,” which is shaped like a cloth funnel, was attached to a hole at the tail-end of the customized swimsuit and held in place with Velcro.

“To our great surprise, it worked perfectly,” Kathy Townsend, the research station’s education coordinator, told UQ News.

“The suits were easy to put on, comfortable for the sea turtles to wear, looked great, and Coffee was able to collect the entire fecal sample.”

The researchers will use the fecal samples to identify what the turtles were eating in the hours before they were captured by the researchers, Coffee explained to HuffPost.

Then, using a method called stable isotope analysis, his team will determine what the loggerhead turtles were feeding on over a longer period of time, in —> Read More

Why One Researcher Thinks Mothers And Infants Should Share Beds

Guidelines on co-sleeping from the American Academy of Pediatrics and National Institute of Health are pretty clear: babies should sleep alone, on their backs, and far from any suffocation hazards like blankets, pillows or toys. According to the AAP, co-sleeping is the biggest risk factor for sleep-related infant death, or the unexpected death of a baby younger than a year old.

But James McKenna, director of the Mother-Baby Behavioral Sleep Laboratory at the University of Notre Dame, takes issue with this orthodoxy.

In a peer-reviewed report published in Acta Paediatrica, McKenna argues that we should return to “breastsleeping,” the act of combining breastfeeding with infant sleep, a co-sleeping model that mothers around the world have been practicing for thousands of years.

“It may be 2015, and we may live in an urban, industrial setting, but this breastsleeping system has been humankind’s oldest sleeping arrangement and feeding method,” McKenna told The Huffington Post.

Primarily, McKenna’s pro-bedsharing stance revolves around the importance of accessible and easy breastfeeding. Sharing a bed increases the number of times a mother will breastfeed her child during the night. According to previous research by McKenna that was published in the American Journal of Physical Anthropology, mother-infant pairs who shared a bed had twice the number of breastfeeding sessions during the night as those who slept apart.

“It is odd to think that on one hand the AAP recommends six months to a year of breastfeeding,” McKenna said. “And on the other hand they are trying to take away the very thing that makes many women achieve this goal: bedsharing.”

One of the other problems with the AAP’s hardline stance, according to McKenna, is that it frames bedsharing as a black-and-white issue and doesn’t leave any room for women —> Read More

Simple detection of magnetic skyrmions

A new physical effect has been discovered: Researchers have found a change of electrical resistance in magnetic whirls. Tiny magnetic whirls – so called skyrmions – are being considered as promising candidates for bits in future robust and compact data storage devices. These exotic magnetic structures were recently found to exist in ultrathin magnetic layers and multilayers, similar to the ones used in current hard-disk drives and magnetic sensors. However, up to now an additional magnet was necessary for a read-out of skyrmions. —> Read More

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