Hawaiian Navigators Among the Māori

Hōkūleʻa arrives in Auckland Harbor for the first time. It had been 29 years since last sailed in the waters of Aotearoa. Photo by Kaipo Kīʻaha.
When Hōkūleʻa arrived in Auckland Harbor, it had been 29 years since she last sailed in the waters of Aotearoa. (Photo by Kaipo Kīʻaha)

By Captain and Pwo Navigator, Kālepa Baybayan

It’s 9 a.m. and most of the crew of Hōkūleʻa, our 62-foot, deep-sea Polynesian voyaging canoe on a multi-year journey around the world, is still asleep. It’s amazing how exhausting sea travel can be. The hours of standing watch break down your natural rhythm of work-sleep cycles. The past two weeks have been not just busy and tiring, but also very successful for us. It has all been worth the effort.

We just arrived into Wellington, Aotearoa (New Zealand) and the crew is comfortably settled in at the tertiary marae (meeting house) on the campus of Massey University.

Welcome to Wellington

We attended a powhiri (a welcome ceremony) from Māori at the whare waka (canoe house) on the Wellington Waterfront. Papa Tip and I spoke followed by a crew oli (chant) of Auē Ua Hiti Ē and Ia Waʻa Nui.

Our Wellington hosts are the most fantastic people; they’re very generous, kind, and giving. Simple things like doing laundry become tremendous chores while at sea since all non-essential washing is done with salt water —> Read More Here

Ancient Mars Once Had A Vast Ocean Covering One-Fifth Of Its Surface, New Research Suggests

Scientists have long known there was once water on Mars, but just how much?

New research suggests that the Red Planet was way wetter than scientists thought. In fact, it seems that large portions of the Martian surface were flooded under a vast ocean–and that seems to have increased the odds that Mars was once habitable.

The research, an analysis of chemical “signatures” in the Martian atmosphere, indicates that some 4.2 billion years ago a body of water bigger than the Arctic Ocean covered nearly one-fifth of the planet’s surface. This ocean likely contained a whopping 5 million cubic miles of water, with a maximum depth of one mile.

“Ten years ago, the story of water on Mars was an occasional flood of rocky debris every 100m years that then switched off again,” John Bridges, a Leicester University planetary scientist who works on NASA’s Curiosity rover mission, told The Guardian. “We now know it’s more continuous. There were long-standing bodies of water: lakes, deltas and perhaps even seas. It seems to me that we have excellent evidence that Mars was once habitable, though whether it was ever inhabited is not clear.”

For the research, scientists at NASA’s Goddard —> Read More Here

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