Despite sharp increases in spending on cancer treatment, cancer mortality rates in the United States have decreased only modestly since 1970, a study has found. “Our results suggest that cancer care in the U.S. did not always avert deaths compared to Western Europe and, when it did avert deaths, it often did so at substantial cost,” explained an author. “The greatest number of deaths averted occurred in cancers for which decreasing mortality rates were more likely to be the result of successful prevention and screening rather than advancements in treatment.” —> Read More Here
The precise dating of ancient charcoal found near a skull is helping reveal a unique period in prehistory. —> Read More Here
People sniff their hands twice as much after a handshake, according to a Weizmann Institute study. —> Read More Here
In the British Medical Journal, IQWiG researchers award good grades to the German Act on the Reform of the Market for Medicinal Products. The act has revealed a large amount of information on clinical studies. —> Read More Here
Historic submarine and modern satellite records show that average ice thickness in the central Arctic Ocean dropped by 65 percent from 1975 to 2012. September ice thickness, when the ice cover is at a minimum, dropped by 85 percent. —> Read More Here
A strong link has been made between subthreshold manic episodes and likelihood of developing bipolar disorder in children of parents with bipolar disorder. The study’s findings could improve clinical assessment and care for these high-risk children by potentially enabling earlier identification, treatment or possible preventive measures. —> Read More Here
Methane emissions are strongly reduced in lakes with anoxic bottom waters. But – contrary to what has previously been assumed – methane removal is not always due to archaea or anaerobic bacteria. A new study on Lake Cadagno in Canton Ticino shows that the microorganisms responsible are aerobic proteobacteria. The oxygen they require is produced in situ by photosynthetic algae. —> Read More Here
Today: Crew Off Duty Day: The USOS crew was off duty following yesterday’s successful Extravehicular Activity (EVA).
Why a handshake is more than a sign of friendship: Humans use greeting to SNIFF people we have just met
Researchers at the Weizmann Institute of Science in Israel secretly filmed strangers greeting each other and found that participants touched their nose twice as much after shaking hands. —> Read More Here
The City of Boston has long been a leader on climate action. Since 2005, we’ve been tracking our greenhouse gas emissions, from both municipal operations and the entire city. And we’ve been making great progress. Citywide emissions are down 17 percent, while municipal emissions are down 27 percent since 2005. We are well on our way to achieving our goal of a 25 percent reduction in citywide emissions by 2020; and we’ve already surpassed this goal for municipal operations. However, we still have work to do. The Greenovate Boston 2014 Climate Action Plan, which I released on January 15th, not only provides a clear road map to achieve our 2020 goal, but it also takes a first look at how we reach Boston’s 2050 goal of an 80 percent reduction in greenhouse gas emissions.
Created from a year-long community process, the Plan lays out concrete steps and a vision for reducing greenhouse gases and preparing for the impacts of climate change in Boston. For the first time, Boston has sector-specific greenhouse gas reduction targets, as well as program participation targets. With these more tangible targets, such as the number of no-cost home energy assessments needed by 2020, the Plan empowers —> Read More Here