Youngest students in class 30% more likely to die in suicide than older classmates, Japanese study shows

Researchers found for the first time that those who were born right before the school cutoff day and thus youngest in their cohort have 30% higher mortality rates by suicide, compared to their peer who were born right after the cutoff date and thus older. They also found that those with relative age disadvantage tend to follow a different career path that those with relative age advantage, which may explain their higher suicide mortality rates. —> Read More

Factors influencing patient satisfaction vary by care settings

The factors that determine the level of patient satisfaction with pediatric care vary significantly depending on which departmental setting patients receive treatment within a healthcare system, according to a new study published in the American Journal of Medical Quality. Researchers from Nemours/Alfred I. duPont Hospital for Children in Delaware said the findings could greatly aid improvements in patient experience in primary, specialty outpatient specialty, emergency, and inpatient care settings. —> Read More

Chile Adds Massive Ocean Sanctuaries To Growing Global List

The United Nations’ goal of protecting 10 percent of the world’s oceans by 2020 is getting some serious commitments.

Last week, New Zealand was praised for plans to establish the world’s third-largest fully protected marine sanctuary. Before the applause even died down, Chile swooped in and one-upped the island country.

On Monday, during the 2015 Our Ocean conference in Valparaiso, Chilean President Michelle Bachelet announced the creation of the Nazca-Desventuradas Marine Park — giving Chile claim to the largest marine reserve in the Americas — as well as the Easter Island Marine Park, which will be the third-largest fully protected marine area in the world. The new Easter Island park bumps New Zealand’s newly announced Kermadec Ocean Sanctuary to the No. 4 spot.

Combined, Chile’s two areas would protect more than 350,000 square miles — larger than the country’s total landmass.

Nazca-Desventuradas Marine Park, which encompasses 114,872-square-miles of ocean surrounding the islands of San Félix and San Ambrosio, is a fully protected no-take zone, where fishing and other extractive activities are now prohibited.

Enric Sala, an explorer-in-residence at National Geographic and head of the Pristine Seas project, called the park “a gift from Chile to the world.”

“It contains pristine underwater environments like nothing else in the ocean, including deep underwater mountains with species new to science, abundant giant lobster and a relict population of the once-thought-extinct Juan Fernández fur seal,” Sala said in a news release.

Additionally, Chile is moving forward with a proposal to establish a massive marine park around Easter Island, located some 2,500 miles west of Chile’s mainland.

Pending final approval by the island’s indigenous Rapa Nui people, fishing would be banned in a 243,630 square-mile area. The exception would be subsistence fishing practices —> Read More

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