US spends more on cancer care, saves fewer lives than Western Europe

Despite sharp increases in spending on cancer treatment, cancer mortality rates in the United States have decreased only modestly since 1970, a study has found. “Our results suggest that cancer care in the U.S. did not always avert deaths compared to Western Europe and, when it did avert deaths, it often did so at substantial cost,” explained an author. “The greatest number of deaths averted occurred in cancers for which decreasing mortality rates were more likely to be the result of successful prevention and screening rather than advancements in treatment.” —> Read More Here

Methane oxidation fuelled by algal oxygen production

Methane emissions are strongly reduced in lakes with anoxic bottom waters. But – contrary to what has previously been assumed – methane removal is not always due to archaea or anaerobic bacteria. A new study on Lake Cadagno in Canton Ticino shows that the microorganisms responsible are aerobic proteobacteria. The oxygen they require is produced in situ by photosynthetic algae. —> Read More Here

Mayors Voices: Boston Mayor Marty Walsh on New Climate Action Plan

The City of Boston has long been a leader on climate action. Since 2005, we’ve been tracking our greenhouse gas emissions, from both municipal operations and the entire city. And we’ve been making great progress. Citywide emissions are down 17 percent, while municipal emissions are down 27 percent since 2005. We are well on our way to achieving our goal of a 25 percent reduction in citywide emissions by 2020; and we’ve already surpassed this goal for municipal operations. However, we still have work to do. The Greenovate Boston 2014 Climate Action Plan, which I released on January 15th, not only provides a clear road map to achieve our 2020 goal, but it also takes a first look at how we reach Boston’s 2050 goal of an 80 percent reduction in greenhouse gas emissions.

Created from a year-long community process, the Plan lays out concrete steps and a vision for reducing greenhouse gases and preparing for the impacts of climate change in Boston. For the first time, Boston has sector-specific greenhouse gas reduction targets, as well as program participation targets. With these more tangible targets, such as the number of no-cost home energy assessments needed by 2020, the Plan empowers —> Read More Here

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