Astronomer Finds No Evidence of Kardashev Type III Civilizations in Local Universe

So-called Kardashev Type III civilizations – galaxy-spanning civilizations that command power equal to all of the stars in their galaxy – are very rare or entirely absent from the local Universe, according to Prof Michael Garrett of the Netherlands Institute for Radio Astronomy (ASTRON) and Leiden Observatory. In 1964, Soviet astronomer Nikolai Kardashev proposed that [...] —> Read More