Here’s How Music Influences Your Workout, According To Science

Why does it tend to feel like you get a better workout in when you put music to your exercise? It turns out that your favorite gym-time jams may act as natural pain relievers and help you to move faster without you even realizing it.

Listening to music while exercising can release feel-good chemicals in the brain — such as dopamine and opioids — that may boost your mood, dull pain and make you less tired, scientists say.

“There are two possible mechanisms, and we haven’t sorted them out yet,” Dr. Daniel Levitin, a neuroscientist and author of This Is Your Brain On Music, told The Huffington Post in an email. “Either music acts as a distractor (and distractors are known to modulate pain levels — this is why combat soldiers don’t always realize they’ve been shot until after a busy maneuver is over) or music acts as a mood enhancer (because the release of endogenous mu-opioids and other mood-enhancing chemicals raises the pain threshold).”

That’s not all. The brain’s neurons can even synchronize with the tempo of music, said Levitin, who has conducted numerous studies on how music affects the brain. Depending on the tempo, this synchronization can help you to perform repetitive motions, such as running, more quickly.

A recent study — that Levitin was not involved in — showed that listening to music while working out can help regulate and maintain an exercise pace and regimen. The study was published in the journal Sports Medicine-Open in May.

For the study, 34 cardiac rehab patients completed an exercise program. One-third of the patients didn’t have any music during their exercises, another third had audio devices with music and another third had audio devices with a music playlist curated specifically to enhance tempo-pace synchronization.

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