How do continents break up? Classical theory of mantle plume is put in question

When the western part of the super-continent Gondwana broke up around 130 Million years ago, today’s Africa and South-America started to separate and the South Atlantic was born. It is commonly assumed that enormous masses of magma ascended from the deep mantle up to higher levels, and that this hot mantle plume (the Tristan mantle plume) weakened the continental lithosphere, eventually causing the break-up of the continental plate of Gondwana. —> Read More