Type 2 diabetes, fatty liver disease reversed in rats

A controlled-release oral therapy has been developed by scientists that reversed type 2 diabetes and fatty liver disease in rats, according to a study. “Given these promising results in animal models of NAFLD/NASH and type 2 diabetes we are pursuing additional preclinical safety studies to take this mitochondrial protonophore approach to the clinic” said the researchers. —> Read More Here

First Rules for Arctic Drilling Released

The U.S. Department of the Interior unveiled the first draft rules for offshore oil and gas exploration in the Arctic. The rules would require energy companies to clear a number of safety hurdles before being approved for drilling.

“The Arctic has substantial oil and gas potential, and the U.S. has a longstanding interest in the orderly development of these resources, which includes establishing high standards for the protection of this critical ecosystem, the surrounding communities, and the subsistence needs and cultural traditions of Alaska Natives,” said Secretary of the Interior Sally Jewell. She noted that the proposed regulations “are designed to ensure that offshore exploratory activities will continue to be subject to the highest safety standards.”

The regulations, which were crafted with a nod to previous experiences in the Arctic’s first drilling season when a Royal Dutch Shell oil rig ran aground in 2012, are open for public comment now, but they are not expected to be finalized before this summer’s drilling season. If approved, they would—among other things—require energy companies to submit safety plans and have a separate backup rig nearby to quickly drill a relief well to handle any blowout.

Oceans Warming and —> Read More Here

Super-Rare Ancient Roman Tombstone Unearthed At Site Of Old Parking Garage

roman tombstone

An elaborate Roman tombstone that dates back 1,800 years has been unearthed in England, and the find has archaeologists excited.

“It’s incredibly rare,” Neil Holbrook, chief executive of Cotswold Archaeology, the company that conducted the excavation, told Live Science. “We’ve only had it out of the ground 24 hours, but already it’s created a massive amount of interest and debate.”

The tombstone was excavated Feb. 25 at the site of a former parking garage in the town of Cirencester. The stone seems to mark the grave of a 27-year-old woman, as it bears an inscription that reads “D.M. BODICACIA CONIUNX VIXIT ANNOS XXVII.

If your Latin’s a bit rusty, that means “To the spirit of the departed Bodica, wife, lived for 27 years.”

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The tombstone’s inscription.

Who was Bodica? Archaeologists aren’t sure. Since the name is of Celtic rather than Roman origin, she may have been married to a habitant of Gaul or Rome, Holbrook told BBC News.

“What’s weird is that the inscription only fills half of the panel, so there’s a space left below it,” he said. “You can see horizontal marking-out lines, so I guess what they were going to do —> Read More Here

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