The New Gender Divide in Education

Measured in the most common metric — average years of schooling — the industrialized world essentially closed the gender gap in education in the 1960s. And that has made a huge difference: about half of the economic growth in OECD countries over the past 50 years has been due to increased educational attainment, and mainly among women. But women still earn 15 percent less than men, on average in OECD countries, and 20 percent less among workers at the top of the pay scale. Some people are quick to say that this is about men and women doing similar work for different pay, but another factor is that men and women pursue different careers. And as our new report “The ABC of Gender Equality in Education: Aptitude, Behaviour, Confidence” suggests, those career choices may be made much earlier than commonly thought.

The report finds that, even though boys and girls show similar performance on the PISA science test, on average across OECD countries, less than 5 percent of 15-year-old girls contemplate pursuing a career in engineering or computing, while 20 percent of boys do (it’s almost exactly the other way round when it comes to health services). Gender differences —> Read More Here


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