Part of the process is concerned with what you do after the collection of the data. Once you collect the data, it’s analyzed, using calculations and statistics. Based on analysis, results and inferences are made. However, the main question is – How do you know whether the conclusions are accurate or not?
One way to ascertain the legitimacy of conclusions is peer review. In peer review, research is inspected, scrutinized, and critiqued by fellow scientists. It’s an important phase that needs to be completed before any scientific paper is submitted for publications. During the review process, fellow scientists weed out flaws in the research. If the conclusions are totally wrong, the research is sent back to the starting point.